%0 Journal Article
%T Solving Graph Coloring Problem Using Graph Adjacency Matrix Algorithm
%J Mathematics Interdisciplinary Research
%I University of Kashan
%Z 2538-3639
%A Mousavi, Hanife
%A Tavakoli, Mostafa
%A Ghorbani-Moghadam, Khatere
%D 2024
%\ 06/01/2024
%V 9
%N 2
%P 215-236
%! Solving Graph Coloring Problem Using Graph Adjacency Matrix Algorithm
%K Chromatic number
%K Coloring number
%K Graph coloring algorithms
%K Graph adjacency matrix
%K Degree of vertex
%R 10.22052/mir.2023.253223.1428
%X Graph coloring is the assignment of one color to each vertex of a graph so that two adjacent vertices are not of the same color. The graph coloring problem (GCP) is a matter of combinatorial optimization, and the goal of GCP is determining the chromatic number $\chi(G)$. Since GCP is an NP-hard problem, then in this paper, we propose a new approximated algorithm for finding the coloring number (it is an approximation of chromatic number) by using a graph adjacency matrix to colorize or separate a graph. To prove the correctness of the proposed algorithm, we implement it in MATLAB software, and for analysis in terms of solution and execution time, we compare our algorithm with some of the best existing algorithms that are already implemented in MATLAB software, and we present the results in tables of various graphs. Several available algorithms used the largest degree selection strategy, while our proposed algorithm uses the graph adjacency matrix to select the vertex that has the smallest degree for coloring. We provide some examples to compare the performance of our algorithm to other available methods. We make use of the Dolan-Mor\'e performance profiles to assess the performance of the numerical algorithms, and demonstrate the efficiency of our proposed approach in comparison with some existing methods.
%U https://mir.kashanu.ac.ir/article_114365_c868980d403a0fffefea025c5535ae23.pdf