The Use of Mathematical Finite Element Method to find the Optimum Waves Amplification by a Novel Elliptical Waveguide

Document Type : Original Scientific Paper


Department of Laser and Photonics, Faculty of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan, I.R. of Iran


In this paper, a combinatorial elliptic-circular waveguide is introduced to amplify electromagnetic waves. The cross-section of this waveguide is elliptic and filled by a dielectric material, whereas two axial circular hollows have been created in it. One of the hollows has been filled by an unmagnetized cold plasma and a relativistic pencil electron beam(RPEB) is injected inside other hollow. By applying an adaptive finite element method(FEM), electromagnetic slow waves amplification in the waveguide is investigated. We study variations of growth rate of excited microwaves under influence of different factors. The purpose of investigating the effect of various parameters of this waveguide such as plasma and electron beam radiuses, the RPEB location, dielectric constant and beam current intensity; is to introduce the waveguide with optimal configuration and parameters to obtain the highest wave growth rate.


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